16.13 )history



User Level Required: interpreter

Command Syntax:

)history )on

)history )off

)history )write historyInputFileName

)history )show [n] [both]

)history )save savedHistoryName

)history )restore [savedHistoryName]

)history )reset

)history )change n

)history )memory

)history )file



)set history on | off

Command Description:

The history facility within FriCAS allows you to restore your environment to that of another session and recall previous computational results. Additional commands allow you to review previous input lines and to create an .input file of the lines typed to file:input FriCAS.

FriCAS saves your input and output if the history facility is turned on (which is the default). This information is saved if either of

)set history on
)history )on

has been issued. Issuing either

)set history off
)history )off

will discontinue the recording of information. history )on set history on set history off history )off

Whether the facility is disabled or not, the value of % in FriCAS always refers to the result of the last computation. If you have not yet entered anything, % evaluates to an object of type Variable(‘%). The function %% may be used to refer to other previous results if the history facility is enabled. In that case, %%(n) is the output from step n if n > 0. If n < 0, the step is computed relative to the current step. Thus %%(-1) is also the previous step, %%(-2), is the step before that, and so on. If an invalid step number is given, FriCAS will signal an error.

The environment information can either be saved in a file or entirely in memory (the default). Each frame (ugSysCmdframe ) has its own history database. When it is kept in a file, some of it may also be kept in memory for efficiency. When the information is saved in a file, the name of the file is of the form FRAME.axh where `` FRAME`` is the name of the current frame. The history file is placed in the current working directory (see ugSysCmdcd ). Note that these history database files are not text files (in fact, they are directories themselves), and so are not in human-readable format.

The options to the )history command are as follows:

)change n
will set the number of steps that are saved in memory to n. This option only has effect when the history data is maintained in a file. If you have issued )history )memory (or not changed the default) there is no need to use )history )change. history )change
will start the recording of information. If the workspace is not empty, you will be asked to confirm this request. If you do so, the workspace will be cleared and history data will begin being saved. You can also turn the facility on by issuing )set history on.
will stop the recording of information. The )history )show command will not work after issuing this command. Note that this command may be issued to save time, as there is some performance penalty paid for saving the environment data. You can also turn the facility off by issuing )set history off.
indicates that history data should be saved in an external file on disk.
indicates that all history data should be kept in memory rather than saved in a file. Note that if you are computing with very large objects it may not be practical to kept this data in memory.
will flush the internal list of the most recent workspace calculations so that the data structures may be garbage collected by the underlying Common Lisp system. Like )history )change, this option only has real effect when history data is being saved in a file.
)restore [savedHistoryName]
completely clears the environment and restores it to a saved session, if possible. The )save option below allows you to save a session to a file with a given name. If you had issued )history )save jacobi the command )history )restore jacobi would clear the current workspace and load the contents of the named saved session. If no saved session name is specified, the system looks for a file called last.axh.
)save savedHistoryName
is used to save a snapshot of the environment in a file. This file is placed in the current working directory (see ugSysCmdcd ). Use )history )restore to restore the environment to the state preserved in the file. This option also creates an input file containing all the lines of input since you created the workspace frame (for example, by starting your FriCAS session) or last did a )clear all or )clear completely.
)show [n] [both]
can show previous input lines and output results. )show will display up to twenty of the last input lines (fewer if you haven’t typed in twenty lines). )show n will display up to n of the last input lines. )show both will display up to five of the last input lines and output results. )show n both will display up to n of the last input lines and output results.
)write historyInputFile
creates an .input file with the input lines typed since the start of the session/frame or the last )clear all or )clear completely. If historyInputFileName does not contain a period (.) in the filename, .input is appended to it. For example, )history )write chaos and )history )write chaos.input both write the input lines to a file called chaos.input in your current working directory. If you issued one or more )undo commands, )history )write eliminates all input lines backtracked over as a result of )undo. You can edit this file and then use )read to have FriCAS process the contents.

Also See: )frame ugSysCmdframe, )read ugSysCmdread, )set ugSysCmdset,

and )undo ugSysCmdundo.